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Finally, results of different configurations are given for the Koch curve and Robie House by Frank Lloyd Wright, showing the accuracy of this measurement method. Sprecher, Aaron , and Paul Kalnitz. With the advent of information theories, contemporary architecture is approached in terms of the energetic formations of memorization, association and connection.

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The former architectural diagram becomes a concretization, an instance, one possibility, of an operational code. Memorization refers to the ability of architecture to embed information within the deepest composition of matter. Architectural performance has always been revealed by the integration, or association, of multiple parameters.

Connections are vectors which fuse the knowledge of heterogeneous symbiotic human environments. As the codified system reacts to external forces, an association of two distinct graph structures is developed and connections are formed as the architectural object emerges. This article explores possibilities of using fuzzy models as a new research tool in the history of architecture.

Architectural System Structures Integrating Design Complexity in Industrialised Construction

Namely, Adolf Loosis villas are studied using these models. Fuzzy expert models will be used to analyze the principles of Adolf Loosis work. Rules applied by A.

Loos in villa design will be expressed in the form of fuzzy rule bases. The formulation of rules will result from the analysis of individual villa designs and will be based on theoretical concepts pertaining to Loosis work -- in particular, on his designing process drawing on the concept of a Raumplan. Further, the concepts of the theory of architecture, related to a general procedure of construction design, will be utilized.

The article also gives examples how to employ fuzzy sets in describing a building and its characteristics.

System Architecture versus Software Architecture

Digital tools are transforming design pedagogy by continuously redefining approaches to design processes and methodologies. A recurring theme in design education is the link between the analytical processes and the project development. While the investigations are formulated during the first phase, one typically moves back and forth between the two, allowing ideas created from the analysis to influence and modify the overall design directions.

The data created through digital tools can be manipulated, altered, modified and, because of its inherent properties, carried throughout the overall design process. The seminar asked students to develop a temporary installation at the New Orleans Riverfront Figure 1 focusing on the liminal condition that exists between the city and waters edge. The site is a nodal point between the French Quarter and the river that presents different levels of information and acts as a threshold between the city and the water edge.

Computational design technologies are providing the conditions to advance the ways of design thinking and making. Though there are diverse approaches in the current architectural ideations and applications, the images produced by these technologies grab the most attention. These images mostly show off how different architecture can be by the use of computation. In this study, a computational, generative design model is investigated in the context of an approach based on improvising in architectural design.

This is informative because improvisation in the design process can aid in developing numerous design alternatives. An understanding of improvisation in jazz music is particularly relevant for the architectural design process. Menges, Achim. Spacer fabrics are three dimensionally warp-knitted textiles that can be draped over complex double curved surfaces with no need for cut patterns or additional seams. This paper explains the development of an integral computational approach to the design and fabrication of sandwich composite structures with a spacer fabric core.

Contrary to the common hierarchy of architectural design processes that prioritizes the definition of form over the inherent characteristics of materialization, this approach aims at an integral computational design process capable of unfolding a design from the constraints of making.

The way the material capacity of spacer fabrics combined with the constraints of sandwich composite manufacturing directly informs the computational design process will be explained along the development of two prototype structures. Organizations are forced to restructure their practices.

Architectural System Structures | D&R - Kültür, Sanat ve Eğlence Dünyası

The role of the architect within the new multi-disciplinary design team will depend on the architectsi skills in communicating with other team members. Architecture schools need to prepare students for this change. Collaborative aspect of design should be incorporated into the curriculum. The initiative is investigating the extent to which courses can be coordinated across departments.

Students from three different courses have been asked to provide analysis and feedback for the same project concurrently. The results confirm that BIM technology can effectively support collaboration even among undergraduate students who are relatively inexperienced with interdisciplinary data exchange. Vamvakidis, Simos. This study is divided in two areas. First, investigating the architectural, structural and possible program qualities of the egg crate.

The fundamental exchange between the mathematical realm -in the form of digital modelling- and the material realm - in the form of material prototype fabrication and manufacturing- is the second goal. This paper also focuses on a basic design problem: how to produce a system of variable cavities and niches as opportunities for adjust to different programmatic needs as well as different terrain conditions based on the egg crate construction method.

The egg crate was first used as a conventional aspect of masonry systems of construction, from wooden boats to building hulls. Simply put, itis a matrix of horizontal and vertical structural elements or parallel to the x and y axis. This article proposes a conception method of ludic and didactic paths improving the acquisition of knowledge of archaeological and architectural heritage.

In order to have an idea of a monument, the learner is guided and motivated following strategic paths during the 3D exploration and developing a memory map during the creation of knowledge.

top 10 strangest buildings - Top Exoskeleton Structures Around the World

A prototype is realized and presented in order to see how this learning system guides the reasoning of the learner and can improve the acquisition of knowledge. We chose the Cheops Pyramid to Gizeh to illustrate our work. This paper describes and reflects upon the results of an investigative project which explores the setting up of a material system - a parametric and generative assembly consisting of and taking into consideration material properties, manufacturing constraints and geometric behaviour.

The project approaches the subject through the construction of a logic-driven system aiming to explore the possibilities of a material system that fulfills spatial, structural and performative requirements concurrently and how these are negotiated in situations where they might be conflicting. Haeusler, Matthias. The way screens are attached to architecture at present limits architectural surfaces to carriers of signs. The research presented in this paper offers a possible solution that allows architectural surfaces to be both a space-defining element that has certain architectural material qualities and at the same time allows media technology to be embedded.

These surfaces can alter their state from static material to dynamic image in an instance. The paper presents a prototype capable of fulfilling this requirement. It also positions the research within the architectural discussion by comparing it to works of others and confirming its research value by reference to work in a similar direction.


This study is about building a conceptual architecture called Meta-form that can perform the acts of parametric design to generate various house forms. The study limits its scope to four genotypes of residential houses in the world. Typological Analysis is employed as a technique of distinguishing the key variables shared by the built forms. The result, with respect to each genotype, there are specific meta-form systems account for the generation of cases of phenotype by assigning different values to each corresponding parameter. With its generative power the meta-form system is evidently a useful tool to assist type-based form productions.

As such, the parametric values also acquired the descriptive power of specifying built form characters. Richens, Paul , and Georg Herdt. In the course of a study into the origins of the Ionic order, a group of fragmentary early capitals of historic importance were measured by short-range laser-scanning, and then reconstructed in their original state by means of NURBS surface modelling.

Drawings, renderings and scaled facsimiles were produced from both types of model, and proved invaluable in the formal analysis of the objects by architectural historians. It is suggested that these digital methods are more objective and accurate than traditional drawings and plaster reconstructions, and the resulting datasets more sustainable and of greater value to subsequent researchers.

Cannaerts, Corneel. This paper questions whether physical and digital models can be seen as models for rather than models of architecture. The conclusion argues for a modelling process that incorporates both physical and digital modelling, and acknowledges the mediated nature of the design process. Loemker, Thorsten , and Katharina Richter. The paper examines the potential of existing traditional approaches in knowledge engineering against the background of current trends in the use of information technology in architectural design.

The focus of this debate will be put on the commonalities of these approaches. The key concept they share is learning from the past, be it humans or be it machines. The vision they arise from is thereby as old as mankind. It is the wish to augment human thinking by artificial devices. The aim of the paper is to remove the scales from the eyes of those who neglect the past, be it in the architectural design process or in the use of Information Technology in architecture.

The paper understands itself as a position paper and was moreover inspired by the announcement of the conference theme. The paper exemplifies a collaborative design approach of architects and engineers by two projects that remotely resemble shell structures.